Supervisors Not Liable for Military Service Discrimination

Posted on Fri, Dec 16, 2011

Federal and state laws prohibit discrimination on the basis of military status. Recently, a California court addressed for the first time whether supervisors could be held personally liable for military service discrimination under state law.

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Tags: employee termination, employer, military leave, leave, employees, Discrimination in the Workplace, discrimination

New California Employment Laws 2012 pt.1

Posted on Thu, Nov 10, 2011

A new tidal wave of employment laws is about to flood the shores of California. On January 1, 2012, multiple new laws will take effect in California, and they will have a significant impact on the employment practices of companies with California operations. 

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Tags: employees, California, California Labor Code, Employee Benefits, employee bonus, employee gifts, computer professionals, HR Allen Consulting Services, Human Resource, Discrimination in the Workplace, discrimination, Employers, Federal Contractors, Human Resources, California Employment laws 2012, New CA Employment Laws 2012, New California Employment Laws 2012

New California Employment Laws 2012 pt.2

Posted on Thu, Nov 10, 2011

The previous blog covered several of the most important new employment laws for 2012 that could affect your day-to-day operations. Today's blog discusses additional employment related legislation for 2012 that may affect your business, including Workers' Compensation Legislation. Many of the new laws discussed in this edition relate to specific industries.

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Tags: employees, California, California Labor Code, Employee Benefits, employee bonus, employee gifts, computer professionals, HR Allen Consulting Services, Human Resource, Discrimination in the Workplace, discrimination, Employers, Federal Contractors, Human Resources, California Employment laws 2012, New CA Employment Laws 2012, New California Employment Laws 2012

Bill Would Expand USERRA Rights to Veterans on Service-Related Medical Leave

Posted on Fri, Sep 16, 2011

On September 9, Rep. Lloyd Doggett (D-TX) reintroduced the Wounded Veteran Job Security Act (H.R. 2875), legislation that would amend the Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA) to prohibit acts of discrimination and reprisal against an employee who is absent from work to receive medical treatment for a service-connected illness, injury or disability. Specifically, this bill would expand the definition of “service in the uniformed services” to include the time “for which a person is absent from a position of employment for the purposes of obtaining medical treatment for an injury or illness recognized by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs as a service-connected, or for which a ‘line of duty’ document has been granted by the Secretary of Defense.” This amendment would therefore permit veterans on such leave to, among other things:

  • Return to their jobs following leave, and be entitled to seniority and other rights and benefits determined by seniority while on leave;

  • Be entitled to any other rights or benefits ordinarily provided to other employees who are on furlough or other leaves of absence;

  • Be protected from acts of discrimination or reprisal for taking such leave.

Upon an employer’s request, employees must provide documentation to establish their eligibility for reemployment under USERRA. This application must “include sufficient documentation to establish a link between the injury or illness and the medical treatment the person obtained.”

In a press release, Rep. Doggett claimed that under current law, “a veteran who exhausts his sick leave does not have adequate protections to get the help needed . . .The needs of those in uniform do not end on the battlefield, and neither should our obligation to them.”

The House passed similar legislation in June of 2009, but the bill failed to advance.

by Ilyse Schuman
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Tags: USERRA, H.R. 2875, Wounded Veteran Job Security Act, Uncategorized, Discrimination in the Workplace

EEOC Opinion Letter Addresses GINA's Impact on Employer Wellness Programs

Posted on Fri, Aug 19, 2011

In an informal discussion letter, (pdf) the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission’s Office of Legal Counsel reiterates the position that an employer-provided wellness program that offers financial inducements to provide genetic information as part of a wellness program runs afoul of Title II of the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA). Among other restrictions, GINA limits the ability of health insurers and employers to collect genetic information, which includes family medical history. Whether and to what extent employer-provided wellness programs and health surveys that solicit information about family medical history violate GINA and other statutes and regulations is a rising concern for employers.

As discussed in the EEOC letter, which was written in response to a request for guidance on this issue, Title II of GINA does permit employers to gather genetic information about employees and their family members when it offers health or genetic services – including wellness programs – on a voluntary basis. The EEOC issued a final rule implementing the employment provisions of GINA in November 2010. As outlined in the rule and the discussion letter, prior consent to participate in a wellness program must be voluntary, knowing, and written. In addition, “while individualized genetic information may be provided to the individual receiving the services and to his or her health or genetic service providers, genetic information may only be provided to the employer or other covered entity in aggregate form.” The EEOC letter notes that the final rule states that employers may not offer financial inducements for employees to provide genetic information as part of a wellness program. However, the final rule provides that employers may offer a financial inducement for completing a health risk assessment that includes questions about genetic information so long as the employer identifies such questions and makes clear that the employee is not required to answer the questions about genetic information in order to receive the financial inducement.

The EEOC letter further explains that an employer may use the voluntarily-provided information about the employee “to guide that individual into an appropriate disease management program,” provided it opens the program up to all employees if the program includes financial incentives to participate or reach certain health-related outcomes. The EEOC letter declined to address the concern that an example used in the GINA Title II final rule to illustrate this point is at odds with the regulations implementing Title I of GINA, which restricts the use of genetic information by group health plans and health insurance issuers. The reason given in the letter for failing to explain the apparent inconsistency between the two regulations was that the EEOC is not responsible for enforcing Title I. However, the letter states that the Commission’s goal in formulating its position on wellness program incentives and the examples cited was to be consistent with the Title I rules.

The Commission further declined to take a position on whether and to what extent Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) would permit an employer to offer financial incentives to participate in a wellness program that included disability-related inquiries or medical exams, but stated that it would take any comments on this issue under advisement.

Despite the guidance provided in the EEOC letter, much still remains unclear. In October 2010, the Department of Labor’s Employee Benefits Security Administration (EBSA) issued guidance in the form of Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) that discussed the interaction between GINA’s restrictions and employer-provided group health plans and insurance providers. As previously discussed, this guidance outlines certain constraints placed on insurance plans and issuers in providing incentive-based wellness programs, which appear at odds with the provisions in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act that are designed to increase the use and effectiveness of employer-sponsored wellness programs. Specifically, the Affordable Care Act recognizes the value of incentive-based wellness programs by increasing the amount of the reward allowed under the current HIPAA regulations beginning in 2014. As reflected in the Affordable Care Act, incentive-based wellness programs can be an effective tool for employers seeking to reduce health care costs and improve the productivity of their workforce.

Given the complexity and apparent inconsistency of the federal statutes and rules governing wellness programs, employers are cautioned to consider all applicable legal requirements when designing their wellness program.

By: IIyse Schuman
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Tags: GINA, health care, Agency Happenings, Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act, Wellness Program, Uncategorized, Employee Benefits, Discrimination in the Workplace, EEOC